Closing Down Local Hospitals in Seventeenth-Century France: The Mount Carmel and St Lazare Reform Movement

Authors

  • Daniel Hickey

Abstract

By the beginning of the seventeenth century, small hospitals in France were seen by royal and city officials as inefficient, redundant and frequently duplicating services already available. In 1672, acting upon this perception, Louis XIV authorized the Order of Notre Dame of Mount Carmel and of St Lazare to undertake a vast enquiry into the operation of these institutions, to shut down those which were corrupt or were not fulfilling the obligations specified in their charters, and to confiscate their holdings and revenues. This article examines the results of this experiment by looking at the operation of the Mount Carmel and St Lazare "reform" and by examining the grass-roots functioning of three small hospitals in southeastern France.

Downloads

Published

01.05.1992

Issue

Section

Articles