The 1870 United States Census and Black Underenumeration: A Test Case from North Carolina

Authors

  • Richard Reid

Abstract

This study of underenumeration in North Carolina demonstrates some of the limitations of the 1870 United States census, especially for researchers investigating the African-American population. The author assesses the uniform undercount found in most mid-nineteenth-century American censuses and examines the probable further underenumeration of a sampie of black North Carolinians drawn from three sources of black Union veterans known to have been living in North Carolina in 1870. However, this group's extensive use of aliases and altered names creates problems for researchers trying to track individuals in the manuscript census and other records.

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Published

01.11.1995

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Section

Articles